While a few organs are located in the near central plane, the position of most organs is either to the left or right side of the body. Wondering about the different organs on the right side of the human body? Refer to this article to understand the right oriented human organs and their functions.
When we take a glance at the external features of human beings, it appears quite symmetrical; the head in the top center with its associated parts, including two hands and two legs on either side. Nevertheless, if you study the internal organs, you will agree to the point that the human body is not symmetrical at all.
An organ is made up of a group of cells that coordinate to perform a specific bodily function. Together, various organs make up an organ system, for example – the respiratory system, cardiovascular system, and excretory system. Coming to the point of discussion, specific organs are present on the left and right side of the body, while some are located in the center, sharing both the orientations. This article highlights the organs present on the right side of the body.
When you check for organs on the right side of the body, you will find that some of these functional units are positioned in the center. For a simple understanding, let’s take the example of the nose and mouth. These two vital organs are situated in the central plane that divides the body into two equal parts. So the nose and mouth are neither oriented to the left, nor to the right side of the body. Rather, we can say half of the organ is in the left and the other half in the right side. The following is a list of organs located specifically on the right side of the body.
Being the largest organ of the human body, the skin is equally distributed on the left side and right side of the human body. The skin performs its function in the protection and elimination of waste products from the body, particularly by means of sweating or perspiration. Thus, the skin is an important organ in defending the body from harmful substances, and the excretory system.
Take a look at the brain’s anatomy and parts of the brain, and you will find that the right hemisphere is responsible for controlling certain functions, mostly pertaining to creative thinking, imagination, and perception of audio and visual stimuli.
Be it the right side or the left, the human eye is a visual organ that allows us to see things around us. It works in coordination with the brain to receive light waves, converting them into a clear picture that we see as the final product. The shape of the human eye is nearly round, which is retained by the aqueous humor.
Needless to say, the right ear is located on the right side of the human body. It absorbs sound waves from the surrounding environment and transfers them to the brain, which are then perceived by us in the form of sound. There are different parts of the human ear, which work in sync for the purpose of hearing.
The right lung is smaller (height wise) than the left by about 5 cm. But it is larger and has more volume than the left lung. Anatomically, the right lung has three unequal sized lobes, namely, superior, middle, and inferior. Besides respiration, the lungs play an important role in protecting the heart and regulating blood pH levels.
Kidneys are paired bean-shaped organs, located on either side of the spine. They are the primary organs of the urinary system. Before excreting body waste as urine, the kidneys absorb essential nutrients and electrolytes. Thus, the right and left kidneys are also important for electrolyte balancing and nutrient re-absorption.
One of the internal organs on right side of body is the liver, which is also the largest glandular organ. It is reddish-brown in color and located underneath the diaphragm. Anatomically, the liver is divided into four unequal lobes. The main functions of this glandular organ are the secretion of enzymes for the digestion of fat, and maintenance of blood glucose levels.
Another right side organ of the human body is the gallbladder, a small organ that stores the bile that is secreted by the liver. It is divided into three different parts, viz. fundus, body, and neck. The gallbladder helps in the overall process of digestion, but there are no adverse effects even if it is removed from the body.
Nearly half of the small intestine is present on the right side of the human body. The duodenum is not actually an organ, but a part of the small intestine, which is oriented towards the right side. Over here, the digestive juices secreted by the pancreas and the liver are mixed together for food digestion.
The right colon consists of the cecum, ascending colon, hepatic flexure, and transverse colon. The ascending colon makes up the first section of the large intestine, which connects to the small intestine through the cecum. The colon’s function is to expel water and waste matter from the body, where it travels towards the transverse colon, by a process called peristalsis.
The appendix is a small pouch shaped organ (about 10 cm in length), situated between the small intestine and the large intestine. It is preceded by the cecum and has no distinctive functions.
The reproductive organs consist of the right testis for males, and the right ovary for women. Thus, half of the reproductive organs are present in the left, while the remaining half is oriented towards the right side. They perform the function of producing gametes, which after fertilization give birth to offspring.
Irrespective of the orientation, all the organs present either on the left or right side, work in coordination for normal functioning of the body.